Taking Feline Diabetes Down

Feline diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is being found in a startling number of cats and if left untreated, the consequences can be fatal. It’s essential to be attentive of the signs potentially suggesting the presence of this condition so you can give your cat the best possible treatment at a chance of a quality life.

What is diabetes mellitus?

In a healthy cat, sugar in the form of glucose, is required by the body for energy. The pancreas produces the hormone, insulin, which attaches to cells and indicates when to absorb glucose. This absorption provides essential fuel to the liver, muscles and cells in fat deposits, simultaneously reducing the glucose levels in the blood. Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which some feline bodies are unable to produce or respond to the hormone insulin, thereby causing a dangerous surge in sugar glucose levels.

Type I diabetes is when the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient levels of insulin, resulting in higher concentrations of glucose. Type II diabetes is caused by the body’s cells’ inefficiency to respond properly to insulin. Cats with diabetes typically suffer from Type II.

Clinical Signs

  • Weight loss irrespective of increased appetite
  • Excessive thirst and urination, thereby causing a possibility of dehydration
  • In neglected cases, nerve damage to the hind limbs may occur
  • Depression
  • Coma
  • Death


Your vet will not only enquire about potential symptoms your cat maybe experiencing, as mentioned above, but they will need to test blood and urine to establish the glucose concentrations therein. Although these symptoms could signal your kitty has diabetes, they may also be the result of several other diseases.

Blood tests to diagnosis diabetes are not always clear-cut because even healthy cats may display elevated glucose levels in their blood, resulting from stress onset by a veterinarian visit, otherwise known as hyperglycemia. Therefore, healthy cats that don’t have diabetes, may have temporary heightened blood glucose concentrations when tested by a vet. To avoid this misconception, veterinarians will alternatively measure the levels of fructosamine in the blood. Cats with acute diabetes will show increased levels of fructosamine which is assumed not to be considerably influenced by stress levels. Fructosamine levels are therefore, accurate in ascertaining the valid blood glucose measures, thereby establishing an accurate diagnosis of diabetes in cats.


Treatment of cats with diabetes aims to:

  • Reduce and/or prevent any further weight loss
  • Reduce and/or prevent any further indications of excess thirst and urination
  • Regulate appetite
  • Re-establish blood glucose to normal levels

Insulin Therapy

Diabetic cats are typically treated with injectable insulin and owners can learn to execute the procedure at home. With practice, owners and cats will feel more at ease with the process. Insulin preparations vary in terms of duration and the outcomes associated with fluctuations of blood glucose. Your vet will periodically administer insulin over a duration of between 12 – 24 hours, as a control to determine the type of insulin and dosage rate that ideally manages your cat’s particular blood glucose concentrations.


Low carbohydrate diets have proven to control blood glucose concentrations in the body. If your cat is underweight, because of the diabetes, ensure to feed them numerous meals a day or allow them unlimited access to their food, both day and night. On the other end of the spectrum, ask your vet to prescribe a diet suitable for an overweight cat which will likely assist their bodies in maintaining more balanced glucose levels.

Management and Monitoring

Although there is no cure for feline diabetes, it can be managed if the owner is well-informed and dedicated to treating the condition. If the disease is treated with commitment, a cat can live a high-quality life for an extended number of years. In some cases, cats may go into remission, no longer depending on insulin treatments. However, owners should still be consistently vigilant of any clinical symptoms of diabetes and maintain a low carbohydrate diet.

Parents of diabetic cats should closely watch their purry pal’s appetite, body weight, water consumption, urination frequency, the quantity of insulin given as well as blood or urine glucose levels. All this information should be recorded and conveyed to your veterinarian on a regular basis. Weakness, lethargy, tremors, seizures and vomiting are signs of hypoglycaemia. In such cases, a glucose solution, dextrose gel or honey should be smeared onto your kitty’s gums followed by an immediate consult with your veterinarian.

As daunting as feline diabetes appears, it really is manageable, and your cat can still live a long, high quality life. With some research and education from reputable sources; commitment to administering the necessary treatments and keeping a watchful eye on your kitty, you’ll be able to take feline diabetes down!

Written for inFURmation
by Taliah Williamson



See any of these signs? Better not ignore them!



See any of these signs? Better not ignore them!

We so often hear families say, “if only we knew what to look for”, if you notice warning signs or changes in your dog, it may indicate something more serious is going on. Mittens and Max had a piece indicating 5 warning signs that we thought was worth a share.

  1. Heavy Panting: we all know what heavy panting looks like, often this will stop once your dog has cooled down a little bit, but if your dog is experiencing deeper laboured breathing that lasts longer than normal, this could be an indication of our dog or cat being in pain or that they are suffering from heatstroke. This could however also be a sign that something more serious is going on, like poisoning, heart failure, Cushing’s disease, pneumonia or even lung tumours.
  2. Drooling: Now, with the bulldog breed, drool is something we are all pretty used to. But if you know your dog you will soon see if excessive drooling is taking place. This may be another indication of heatstroke, but it can also indicate dental issues like a tooth abscess. It could also be an indication that your dog has chewed something poisonous, or something that irritates or burns the mouth, neurologic problems can also cause your dog to drool excessively. If this continues, please see a vet.
  3. Increase in water consumption: When a dog drinks excessive amounts of water, it may indicate that they ae in kidney failure, or it could be a sign of diabetes, Cushing’s disease, or even pyometra in an unspayed female, more uncommonly it could also be a sign of Psychogenic polydipsia. This is definitely something noteworthy to your vet.
  4. Behavioural changes: this is something you can quickly notice if you really know your dog well. This can be linked to pain, thyroid dysfunction in dogs, hyperthyroidism in cats, and other medical conditions like pancreatitis, cancer, arthritis, parasites, skin allergies, heart disease or pain from injury.
  5. Odor changes: Every Bulldog owner out there will agree that the one thing Bulldogs are truly known for, is their ability to stink you out of your own bed. While you may be used to your dog producing malodorous gas regularly, a change in the intensity of the smell can indicate gastrointestinal disease.

Ultimately it is of utmost importance to have the kind of relationship with your pet to be able to notice these signs early, in fact the earlier the better.

Note them to your vet, even if you think it may insignificant.
You never know, it could make the world of difference in diagnosing your pet.

Source: English & French Bulldog Rescue